1948

Charlie Parker Chronology

 

 

 

Created by Leif Bo Petersen

Last updated: February 28, 2016.

 

 

Date

Event

 

References/Further Details

 

December 31/January 1

Jam session

Charlie Parker, Lionel Hampton Orchestra.

Regal Theater, Chicago, IL.

New Year’s Night 1948.

 

 

“New Year’s Eve Celebration Was Greatest Since the War,” Chicago Defender, January 3, 1947, 8: Parker was on the stage at the Regal in Chicago on New Year’s Evening jamming with Lionel Hampton.

“Where the bands Are Playing,” Down Beat, December 17: Has the Parker Quintet at El Sino, Detroit, MI., December 19–January 1. The closing date seems not to be correct.

 

January 3

Charlie Parker Quintet

Pershing Ballroom, Chicago, MI.

January 3–6.

 

K. Vail, Bird’s Diary, 1996, 35: Has this engagement. No source is given.

I have found no press documentation for this.

January 3

Charlie Parker and His Orchestra

Miles Davis (tp); Charlie Parker (as); Duke Jordan (p); Tommy Potter (b); Max Roach (d).

Claude McLin and His Combo

New Savoy Ballroom, Chicago, MI.

Dance. 8:30–3 a.m.

Private recordings tape recordings exist.

 

Ad in Chicago Defender, January 3, 1948, 27.

http://www.plosin.com/milesahead/BirdSessions.aspx?s=480103

January/February?

Charlie Parker Quintet

Charlie Parker (as); Miles Davis (tp); Duke Jordan (p); Tommy Potter (b); Max Roach (d).

Waukegan, IL.

Private lacquer (acetate) recordings exist.

 

http://www.plosin.com/milesahead/BirdSessions.aspx?s=471200a

Peter Losin dates December 1947, but I think they more probably comes from January or February.

January 25

Concert

Sarah Vaughan

(voc) acc. by Jimmy Jones (p).

Charlie Parker and His All Stars

Miles Davis (tp); Charlie Parker (as); Duke Jordan (p); Tommy Potter (b); Max Roach (d).

Hot Lips Page

Symphony Hall, Boston, MA.

8:30 p.m.

Baron Grace (prod).

 

Ad in Boston Herald, January 25, 1948, 2 C.

January 29?

Charlie Parker Quintet

Miles Davis (tp); Charlie Parker (as); Duke Jordan (p); Tommy Potter (b); Max Roach (d).

Three Deuces, NYC.

Probably January 29–February 10.

 

“Goings on about Town: Three Deuces,” New Yorker, January 31, 1948, 6: Charlie Parker band. Same February 7 and 14.

February 7

Concert

Fats Navarro (tp); Charlie Parker (as); Flip Philips (s); Milt Jackson (vib); Jimmy Jones (p); Jimmy Glover (b); Art Mardigan (d); Sarah Vaughan (d).

Masonic Temple Auditorium, Detroit, MI.

February 7, 1948. 11:45 p.m.

Norman Granz (prod).

 

Ad in Detroit Free Press, February 1, 1948 sec. D, 19.

"Concert Star," Detroit Free Press, February 3, 1948, 15.

"Hot-Jazz Fans Gather for Midnight Frenzy, "Detroit Free Press, February 3, 1948, 15: Review.

“Roy Stephens, Sarah Vaughan, Bird, and Fats Spark Bash,” Michigan Chronicle, February 14, 1948. Here quoted from L. Bjorn and J. Gallart, Before Motown: A History of Jazz in Detroit, 1920-60 (2001), 93.

 

 

February mid

Charlie Parker Quintet

Miles Davis (tp); Charlie Parker (as); Duke Jordan (p); Tommy Potter (b); Max Roach (d).

Touring in the Midwest.

 

R. Russell, Bird Lives (1994), 257: Russell has the band at the Argyle, Chicago, in this period, including the urinating episode. This is clearly a mistake.

 

 

February 13

Charlie Parker Quintet

Miles Davis (tp); Charlie Parker (as); Duke Jordan (p); Tommy Potter (b); Max Roach (d).

Paul Gayten’s Trio

Annie Laurie

(voc).

Café Tia Juana, Cleveland, OH.

February 13–19?, 1949.

 

“Yesterday’s Song Hits Give Supper Club a Fresh Trend,” Cleveland Plain Dealer, February 15, 1948, 15 B: Opened Friday.

February 29

Charlie Parker and His Orchestra

Miles Davis (tp); Charlie Parker (as); Duke Jordan (p); Tommy Potter (b); Max Roach (d).

Gene Ammons and His Orchestra

New Savoy Ballroom, Chicago.

Band Battle.

 

Ad in Chicago Defender, February 28, 1948, 27.

February/March

Charlie Parker Quintet

Miles Davis (tp); Charlie Parker (as); Duke Jordan (p); Tommy Potter (b); Max Roach (d).

Indianapolis, IN.

Miles Davis tells about episode in Indianapolis with himself, Max Roach, and Parker quarreling over money.

 

Davis and Q. Troupe, Miles  (1990), 108–09.

 

March 14

Charlie Parker and His Orchestra

Miles Davis (tp); Charlie Parker (as); Duke Jordan (p); Tommy Potter (b); Max Roach (d).

Touring in the Northeast

 March 14–29, 1949.

 

“Bands Now Available,” Pittsburgh Courier, March 27, 1948, 6: Parker touring in “your territory” March 14–29.

March 27

Charlie Parker and His Orchestra

Miles Davis (tp); Charlie Parker (as); Duke Jordan (p); Tommy Potter (b); Max Roach (d).

New Bedford, MA.

 

“Bands Now Available,” Pittsburgh Courier, March 27, 1948, 6.

March 29

Charlie Parker and His Orchestra

Miles Davis (tp); Charlie Parker (as); Duke Jordan (p); Tommy Potter (b); Max Roach (d).

Revere Beach, MA.

 

“Bands Now Available,” Pittsburgh Courier, March 27, 1948, 6.

March 30?

Charlie Parker Quintet

Miles Davis (tp); Charlie Parker (as); Duke Jordan (p); Tommy Potter (b); Max Roach (d).

Margie Hyams Trio

Including Margie Hyams (vib); Tal Farlow (g).

Three Deuces, New York, NY.

March 30?–April 14.

March 31: Private tape recordings by Dean Benedetti exist.

 

“Goings on about Town: Three Deuces,” New Yorker, April 3, 1948, 4: Charlie Parker Band.

“Street Stirs: Disc Ousted,“ Down Beat, April 7 1948, ?: Hyams [at the Onyx] swapped places with Lawrence 88 Keys on March 25 moving into Three Deuces to alternate with Charlie Parker.

“Goings on about Town: Three Deuces,” New Yorker, April 10, 1947, 7: on April 15 Errol Garner returns with a new band.

K. Vail, Bird’s Diary, 1996, 36: Has opening date March 30 and closing date April 11.

http://www.plosin.com/milesahead/BirdSessions.aspx?s=480331

 

April 2

Jam session concert

Coleman Hawkins, Charlie Parker, Bill Harris, Chubby Jackson, Lennie Tristano, and others.

Hotel Diplomat, New York, NY.

8:30.

Bob Feldman (prod); Leonard Feather (mc).

Bob Feldman's Jazz Club.

Benefit for Sydenham Hospital.

“Yardbird Parker in Sydenham Set,” New York Amsterdam News, March 27, 1948, 25.

“Parker to Head Sydenham Benefit,” Baltimore Afro-American, March 27, 1947, 18.

Ticket and ad from unidentified newspaper in Leonard Feather’s 1947–49 diary. Leonard Feather Collection at University of Idaho.

http://contentdm.lib.uidaho.edu/cdm4/document.php?CISOROOT=/lfc&CISOPTR=2396&REC=4

K. Vail, Bird’s Diary, 1996, 36: Dates wrongly March 26. Shows review article (probably from Down Beat).

 

April 6

Symphony Sid’s Bop Concert

Miles Davis, Charlie Parker, Lucky Thompson, Dexter Gordon, Allen Eager, Tadd Dameron, George Wallington, Chubby Jackson, Denzil Best, and others.

Royal Roost, New York, NY.

This was the first of the bebop concerts at Royal Roost.

“Music—As Written, Billboard, April 10, 1948, 38: Gives date April 6.

“Cozy-Roost Date Mulled,” Down Beat, April 21, 1948, 1: Initial session featured Chubby Jackson, Dexter Gordon, Denzil Best, George Wallington, Lucky Thompson, Allen Eager, Fats Navarro and Tadd Dameron.

Monte Kay in I. Gitler, Jazz Masters of the 40s (1984), 269: Has Parker and Davis participating.

The presence of Fats Navarro is dubious. A 1948 calendar note of Milt Buckner (Otto Flückiger’s Archive) shows that Navarro joined the Lionel Hampton Orchestra in Detroit on March 26. Navarro may have been planned for the concert, but have left the project because of disagreements with Dameron.

 

April 18

JATP

(6th National tour)

Tour Group

Red Rodney (tp); Charlie Parker (as); Dexter Gordon, Flip Philips (ts); Duke Jordan (p); Barney Kessel (g); Tommy Potter (b); Stan Levey (d).

Sarah Vaughan (voc) acc. by Jimmy Jones (p).

April 18—May 16.

April 18: Taft Theater, Cincinnati, OH.

April 19: Massey Hall, Toronto Canada

April 20: Kleinhan's Music Hall, Buffalo, NY

April 22: Pittsburgh, PA.

April 23: Music Hall, Cleveland, OH.

April 24: Masonic Auditorium, Detroit, MI.

April 25: Indianapolis, IN.

April 26: Milwaukee, WI.

April 27: Music Hall, Kansas City, MO.

April 28: Des Moines, IA. (probably cancelled or moved).

April 28: Municipal Auditorium, Kansas City, MO.

April 30: St. Louis, MO.

May 1: Civic Opera House, Chicago, IL.

May 2: Minneapolis, MN.

May 7—13: Paradise Theater, Detroit, MI.

May 14: Philadelphia, PA.

May 15: New Ark, NJ.

May 15: Carnegie Hall, New York, NY.

May 16: Boston, MA.

 

“Trade Tattle,” Down Beat, May 19, 1948, 7: Red Rodney and Stan Levy replace Miles Davis and Max Roach for a tour.

Ad in Cincinnati Enquirer, April 17, 148, 12B.

"Jazz at the Philharmonic," Cincinnati Enquirer, April 18, 148, sec. 3, 10: The article uses the expression 5th National Tour.

L. Feather, Facts about Max,” Metronome, November 1948, 27:  “In the summer of ’47, when Charlie Parker returned to town, [Max Roach] flew with The Bird for several months. After numerous typical ornithological vicissitudes, another opportunity presented itself in the shape of Symphony Sid’s bop group.”

P. Pullman (ed), booklet to The complete Jazz At The Philharmonic on Verve. (1998), 183.

K. Vail, Bird’s Diary, 1996, 38—39.

The May concerts are not included in the Pullman booklet. Except the May 1st one, I have not been able to verify the May concerts mentioned by Vail. Se also further documentation on the particular dates.

April 18

JATP Concert

Red Rodney (tp); Charlie Parker (as); Dexter Gordon, Flip Philips (ts); Duke Jordan (p); Barney Kessel (g); Tommy Potter (b); Stan Levey (d).

Sarah Vaughan (voc) acc. by Jimmy Jones (p).

April 18: Taft Theater, Cincinnati, OH.

8:30 p. m.

 

Ad in Cincinnati Enquirer, April 17, 148, 12B.

"Jazz at the Philharmonic," Cincinnati Enquirer, April 18, 148, sec. 3, 10.

April 19

JATP Concert

Red Rodney (tp); Charlie Parker (as); Dexter Gordon, Flip Philips (ts); Duke Jordan (p); Barney Kessel (g); Tommy Potter (b); Stan Levey (d); Sarah Vaughan (voc) acc. by Jimmy Jones.

Massey Hall, Toronto, Canada.

 

P. Pullman (ed), booklet to The complete Jazz At The Philharmonic on Verve. (1998), 183: Ad in Toronto Star, April 18, 1948

 

April 20

JATP Concert

Red Rodney (tp); Charlie Parker (as); Dexter Gordon, Flip Philips (ts); Duke Jordan (p); Barney Kessel (g); Tommy Potter (b); Stan Levey (d); Sarah Vaughan (voc) acc. by Jimmy Jones.

Kleinhans Music Hall, Buffalo, NY.

8:30 p.m.

 

Ad in Buffalo Courier-Express, April 18, 1948, 14.

 

April 22

JATP Concert

Red Rodney (tp); Charlie Parker (as); Dexter Gordon, Flip Philips (ts); Duke Jordan (p); Barney Kessel (g); Tommy Potter (b); Stan Levey (d); Sarah Vaughan (voc) acc. by Jimmy Jones.

Syria Mosque, Pittsburgh, PA.

8:30 p.m.

 

Ad in Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, April 21, 1948, 12.

 

April 23

JATP Concert

Red Rodney (tp); Charlie Parker (as); Dexter Gordon, Flip Philips (ts); Duke Jordan (p); Barney Kessel (g); Tommy Potter (b); Stan Levey (d); Sarah Vaughan (voc) acc. by Jimmy Jones.

Music Hall, Cleveland, OH.

8:30–11Š30 p.m.

 

Ad in Plain Dealer (Cleveland, OH.), April 23, 1948, 21.

“’Be-Bop’ Disciples Get bang Our of Granz’s jam Unit,” Plain Dealer (Cleveland, OH.), April 24, 1948, 4: review.

 

 

 

April 24

JATP Concert

Red Rodney (tp); Charlie Parker (as); Dexter Gordon, Flip Philips (ts); Duke Jordan (p); Barney Kessel (g); Tommy Potter (b); Stan Levey (d); Sarah Vaughan (voc) acc. by Jimmy Jones.

Masonic Auditorium, Detroit, MI.

 

Ad in Michigan Chronicle, April 17, 1948. Here quoted from P. Pullman (ed), booklet to The complete Jazz At The Philharmonic on Verve. (1998), 193.

 

April 25

JATP Concert

Red Rodney (tp); Charlie Parker (as); Dexter Gordon, Flip Philips (ts); Duke Jordan (p); Barney Kessel (g); Tommy Potter (b); Stan Levey (d); Sarah Vaughan (voc) acc. by Jimmy Jones.

Indianapolis, IN.

 

K. Vail, Bird’s Diary, 1996, 38.

 

April 26

JATP Concert

Red Rodney (tp); Charlie Parker (as); Dexter Gordon, Flip Philips (ts); Duke Jordan (p); Barney Kessel (g); Tommy Potter (b); Stan Levey (d); Sarah Vaughan (voc) acc. by Jimmy Jones.

Milwaukee, WI.

 

K. Vail, Bird’s Diary, 1996, 38.

 

April 27

Charlie Parker

Parker and some of his musicians were staying at Addie Parker’s home during their stay in Kansas City, MO.

 

J. Haddix, Bird –The Life and Music of Charlie Parker (2013), 116: letter from Rodney to Ross Russell in the Russell Collection

Tommy Potter in R. Reisner, Bird – The legend of Charlie Parker (1962) 183: Dates this to 1951, which does not fit with the facts.

 

April 27

JATP Tour Group

Brown’s Music C. Kansas City, MO.

3:30 p.m.

Record autographing.

 

Ad in Kansas City Star, April 25, 1948, 40.

April 27

JATP Concert

Red Rodney (tp); Charlie Parker (as); Dexter Gordon, Flip Philips (ts); Duke Jordan (p); Barney Kessel (g); Tommy Potter (b); Stan Levey (d); Sarah Vaughan (voc) acc. by Jimmy Jones.

Music Hall, Kansas City, MO.

8:30 p.m.

 

Ad in Kansas City Star, April 27, 1948, 13.

April 28

JATP Concert

Red Rodney (tp); Charlie Parker (as); Dexter Gordon, Flip Philips (ts); Duke Jordan (p); Barney Kessel (g); Tommy Potter (b); Stan Levey (d); Sarah Vaughan (voc) acc. by Jimmy Jones.

Municipal Auditorium, Music Hall, Kansas City, MO.

Concert for racially mixed audience.

J. Haddix, Bird –The Life and Music of Charlie Parker (2013), 116: The concert was reviewed: “Granz’s Philharmonic Artists Wow K.C, Fans,” Kansas City Call, May 7, 1948.

K. Vail, Bird’s Diary, 1996, 38: Has Des Moines, IA, on this date.

 

April 28

Jam session

Charlie Parker with local musicians, including Charles White (ts).

Playhouse, Blue Ridge, MO.

 

J. Haddix, Bird –The Life and Music of Charlie Parker (2013), 116.

 

April 30?

Charlie Parker

The anecdote of Charlie Parker and Rodney flying in Charlie White’s private plane to the next engagement comes from this occasion.

 

J. Haddix, Bird –The Life and Music of Charlie Parker (2013), 116: letter from Rodney to Ross Russell in the Russell Collection

 

April 30

JATP Concert

Red Rodney (tp); Charlie Parker (as); Dexter Gordon, Flip Philips (ts); Duke Jordan (p); Barney Kessel (g); Tommy Potter (b); Stan Levey (d); Sarah Vaughan (voc) acc. by Jimmy Jones.

St. Louis, MO.

 

K. Vail, Bird’s Diary, 1996, 38. No source is given.

 

May 1

JATP Concert

Red Rodney (tp); Charlie Parker (as); Dexter Gordon, Flip Philips (ts); Duke Jordan (p); Barney Kessel (g); Tommy Potter (b); Stan Levey (d); Sarah Vaughan (voc) acc. by Jimmy Jones.

Civic Opera House, Chicago, IL.

 

Ad in Chicago Daily Tribune, April 23 and 30, 1947, A8.

May 2

JATP Concert

Red Rodney (tp); Charlie Parker (as); Dexter Gordon, Flip Philips (ts); Duke Jordan (p); Barney Kessel (g); Tommy Potter (b); Stan Levey (d); Sarah Vaughan (voc) acc. by Jimmy Jones.

Minneapolis, MN.

 

K. Vail, Bird’s Diary, 1996, 39. No source is given.

I have found no traces of such a concert.

 

May 7

JATP Concert

Red Rodney (tp); Charlie Parker (as); Dexter Gordon, Flip Philips (ts); Duke Jordan (p); Barney Kessel (g); Tommy Potter (b); Stan Levey (d); Sarah Vaughan (voc) acc. by Jimmy Jones.

Paradise Theater, Detroit.

May 7–13.

I doubt Charlie Parker was here.

 

K. Vail, Bird’s Diary, 1996, 39. No source is given.

I have found no traces of such an engagement.

 

May 8

Concert

Dizzy Gillespie And His Orchestra

Probably including: Dizzy Gillespie (tp, voc), Dave Burns, Elmon Wright, Willie Cook (tp); Bill Shepard, Ted Kelly, Candy Ross (tb); Henry Reece (frh); John Brown, Ernie Henry (as); Ray Abrams, John Gayles (ts); Cecil Payne (bars); Tadd Dameron (p); Grachan Moncur (b); Teddy Stewart (dr); Chano Pozo Gonsalves (cng); unidentified female (voc).

Symphony Sid's Bop Band

Charlie Parker (and other surprises)

Carnegie Hall, New York, NY.

11:30 p.m.

Leonard Feather (prod).

 

Ad in New York Amsterdam News, May 1, 1948, 24: Has Gillespie Orchestra and Symphony Sid and His Bop Concert Stars.

Ad in PM, May 9, 1948, 25: Has Gillespie Orchestra, Symphony Sid and His Bop Concert Stars, and Charlie Parker.

"Diz trains for Carnegie Date." Down Beat, May 5, 1948, 5: Gillespie rehearses and changes personnel. New: Hampton Reese (frh), Ernie Henry replacing Howard Johnson (as), Ray Abrams replacing George Nicholas (ts), Willie Cooper replacing Lamar Wright (tp), Candy Ross extra tb (now 3). Teddy Stewart (dr), Tadd Dameron (p), Grachan Moncur (b), and Kenny Hagood replaced by girl singer.

Concert planned to be repeated at Academy Of music, Philadelphia May 11

"Encores and Echoes," Baltimore Afro-American, May 1, 1948, 20:

Gillespie is revamping his band for its Carnegie Hall concert. Hagood is replaced with girl singer. Dizzy Gillespie will debut his Swedish Suite at Carnegie Hall, May 11.

 

May/June

Charlie Parker

Interviewed by Leonard Feather.

May late/June early.

1 Sheridan Square, Greenwich, Village, New York, NY.

Tape recording of a part of the interview exists.

The recorded material was used for a Metronome-article.

 

L. Feather, " A Bird's-Ear View of Music." Metronome, August 1948, reprinted in C. Woideck, The Charlie Parker Companion (1998), 65-69: In the introduction Feather states that this Blindfold Test were made at 1 a.m. in Feather’s apartment, between Parker sets at the Royal Roost. This means that it was conducted in the period May 28—June 15. Parker did not return to the Roost again before September early.

On the original tape you hear noise's from a meal and besides Parker's and Feather's  voices also a woman, probably Doris Sydnor.

You also hear that Feather intends to make a broadcast with Parker on "Tuesday."

Feather's WHN nightly broadcast "Jazz at Its Best," started on May 5 (Radio Today," Brooklyn Eagle, May 5, 1948, 25: WHN: 10:00 p.m.: Jazz at Its Best). http://www.plosin.com/milesahead/BirdSessions.aspx?s=480800

 

May 14

Vivien Gary Trio

(Except Tuesdays).

Symphony Sid’s Bop Concert

Probably: Miles Davis (tp); Kay Winding (tb); Charlie Parker (as); Allen Eager (ts); Milt Jackson (vib): Tadd Dameron (p); Curly Russell (b); Max Roach (dr).

(Nightly).

Thelonious Monk

Probably solo piano.

(Tuesdays only).

Royal Roost, New York, NY.

May 14–27, 1948.

 

“Nightly Bop Bashes,” Down Beat, May19, 1948, 2. “Goings On About Town: Royal Roost,” New Yorker, May 8, 1948, 6: Three Flames. Every night at midnight Symphony Sid’s bop concert. Tuesdays Thelonious Monk piano

“Music—As written,” Billboard, May 22, 1948, 45: Vivian Gary returned to the Roost Wednesday, May 12.

“Gossip of the Nation: Danton Walker,” Philadelphia Inquirer, May 12, 1948, 37: Charlie Parker joins the modern jam sessions at Royal Roost this Friday.

May 14

JATP Concert

Red Rodney (tp); Charlie Parker (as); Dexter Gordon, Flip Philips (ts); Duke Jordan (p); Barney Kessel (g); Tommy Potter (b); Stan Levey (d); Sarah Vaughan (voc) acc. by Jimmy Jones.

Philadelphia, PA.

I doubt Charlie Parker was here.

 

K. Vail, Bird’s Diary, 1996, 39. No source is given. K. Vail, Bird’s Diary, 1996, 39. No source is given. I have not been able to verify such a concert.

“Music–As Written,” Billboard, April 10, 1948, 39: Norman Granz returns his Jazz at the Philharmonic to the Academy of Music for the first time this season May 24…”

 

May 15

JATP Concert

Red Rodney (tp); Charlie Parker (as); Dexter Gordon, Flip Philips (ts); Duke Jordan (p); Barney Kessel (g); Tommy Potter (b); Stan Levey (d); Sarah Vaughan (voc) acc. by Jimmy Jones.

New Ark, NJ.

 

K. Vail, Bird’s Diary, 1996, 39. No source is given. I have not been able to verify such a concert.

May 15

JATP Concert

Red Rodney (tp); Charlie Parker (as); Dexter Gordon, Flip Philips (ts); Duke Jordan (p); Barney Kessel (g); Tommy Potter (b); Stan Levey (d); Sarah Vaughan (voc) acc. by Jimmy Jones.

Carnegie Hall, New York, NY.

Midnight concert.

 

K. Vail, Bird’s Diary, 1996, 39. No source is given. I have not been able to verify such a concert.

May mid

Be Bop vs. Boogie Woogie

Charlie Parker Quintet

Freddie Slack

Theatre tour.

Planned in May mid. Cancelled.

 

"Bop Versus Boogie Show," Down Beat May 19, 1948: 3: Bebop versus Boogie Woogie is being sent out by the Gale Agency. Tour is moving westward.

R. Fritts: "Charlie Parker at the Washington, D.C. Music Hall." Booklet to Charlie Parker. Washington D.C., 1948 2008, 9–11:

Jimmy Knepper was playing in Slack’s recording and touring unit 1947–48. In 1996 he told Fritts that such a tour was never realized.

 

May 16

JATP Concert

Red Rodney (tp); Charlie Parker (as); Dexter Gordon, Flip Philips (ts); Duke Jordan (p); Barney Kessel (g); Tommy Potter (b); Stan Levey (d); Sarah Vaughan (voc) acc. by Jimmy Jones.

Boston, MA.

 

K. Vail, Bird’s Diary, 1996, 39. No source is given. I have not been able to verify such a concert.

 

May 23

Concert

Buddy Rich

Charlie Parker

Wild Bill Davidson

Joe Sullivan

Sir Charles Thompson

George Wettling

Tony Paranti, Earl Swope, Benny Morton, Charlie Walp, Sid Weiss, Ben Lary, Mert Oliver, Sam Krupit, Joe Theimer, Arthur Phipps

Washington Hall, Washington, D.C.

2:30 p.m. Willis Conover (prod). Willis Conover, Jackson Lowe (mc).

Dixieland vs. Bebop.

Private lacquer (acetate) recordings exist.

 

Ad in Washington Daily News, May 23, 1948, shown in R. Fritts: “Charlie Parker at the Washington, D.C. Music Hall,” in booklet to Charlie Parker. Washington D.C., 1948 (2008), 36.

Discography in booklet to Charlie Parker. Washington D.C., 1948. Uptown UPCD 2755 (2008), 52.

http://www.plosin.com/milesahead/BirdSessions.aspx?s=480523

 

May 28

Charlie Parker Band

Miles Davis (tp); Kai Winding (tb); Charlie Parker (as); Allen Eager (ts); Tadd Dameron (p); Curly Russell (b); Max Roach (d).

Thelonious Monk Quartet

Milt Jackson (vib); Thelonious Monk (p); Leonard Gaskin replaced by John Simmons (b); Denzil Best (d).

Kenny Hagood

(voc).

Royal Roost, New York, NY.

May 28–June 15.

 

“Bop Comes Home To Roost; Monk, Dizzy–Ooh, Vop!” Billboard, 29 May 1948: 20: Regular Bop policy from May 28. Thelonious Monk Quintet and Charlie Parker Sextet. Tuesday night concerts under direction of Symphony Sid and Monte Kay.

Ad in PM Daily, June 6, 1948, 25 and June 13, 1948, 28: Has John Simmons.

Handbill or ad in G C. Ward and K. Burns, Jazz–A History of America’s Music (2000) 349: Has Leonard Gaskin.

“Goings On About Town: Royal Roost,“ New Yorker, June 12, 1948, 6: Parker Band and Monk Quartet.  Dizzy Gillespie opens June 16.

June 9

Concert

Nat King Cole Trio, Jimmy Lunceford Band, Mildred Bailey, Jan Murray, Jackie Miles, Grace Barrie, Jerry Lewis, Zeve Mostel, Eric Victor, Susan & Jerry Reid, Nicholas Bros, Three Flames, Garland Wilson, Jimmy Daniels, Ann Lewis.

Billie Holiday, Dean Martin, Harry Richman, Rose Murphy, Archie Savage, Timmie Rogers, Thelma Carpenter, Miss Barnes, Joey Adams, Irwin Corey, Noro Morales, Duke of Iron, King Houdini, Josephine Premice, Billy Banks, Dickie Wells,

Symphony Sid's & Ray Carroll's Be-Bop concert from the Royal Roost: Thelonious Monk, Charlie Parker, Miles Davis, Tadd Dameron, Allen Eager, Kai Winding, Max Roach, Curly Russell, Milt Jackson, Leonard Gaskin, Denzil Best, and Kenny Hagood.

Central High School for Needle Trades, NYC.

June 9, 1948. 19:30.

Leonard Feather, Fred Robbins, Joe Bostic (mc).

Benefit concert for Sydenham.

 

Ad in New York Amsterdam News, June 5, 1948, 24: Leonard Feather not mentioned here.

Ad in PM, June 9, 1948, ?: Miles Davis not mentioned here.

June mid/late

Charlie Parker

Charlie Parker is reported sitting in with Gillespie at the Royal Roost in the last part of June.

 

Claus Dahlgren: Mitt I Be-bopnästet,” Orkester Journalen, August 1948, 11.

July early

Charlie Parker Quintet

Miles Davis (tp); Charlie Parker (as); Duke Jordan (p); Tommy Potter (b); Max Roach (d).

Onyx Club, New York, NY.

July early to mid.

Private tape recordings by Dean Benedetti exist from June 6, 7, 10, and 11.

 

“Goings on about Town: Onyx,” New Yorker, July 10, 1948, 5: Charlie Parker.

Parker announces the relief act, Adrian Jordan (Adrienne or Joyce), on the Benedetti recordings.

K. Vail, Bird’s Diary, 1996, 35: Dates July 6–11 (no source given).

http://www.plosin.com/milesahead/BirdSessions.aspx?s=480706

http://www.plosin.com/milesahead/BirdSessions.aspx?s=480707

http://www.plosin.com/milesahead/BirdSessions.aspx?s=480710

http://www.plosin.com/milesahead/BirdSessions.aspx?s=480711

 

July 23

Buddy Johnson and His Band

Including Ella Johnson and Arthur Prysock (voc).

Charlie Parker Quintet

Miles Davis (tp); Charlie Parker (as); Duke Jordan (p); Tommy Potter (b); Max Roach (d).

3 Brown Buddies

Spider Bruce

Apollo Theater, New York, NY.

June 23–29.

 

Ad in New York Age, July 27, 1948, 5.

August Blume in R. Reisner, Bird – The legend of Charlie Parker (1962) 55–56: Gives the personnel of the Parker quintet. Dates wrongly 1947, but there is no doubt that it is this engagement that he is telling about, as he also mentions that Buddy Johnson was on the bill, too.

August?

Charlie Parker Quintet

Washington, DC.

Possibly August? 1948.

 

Sadik Hakim [Argonne Thornton]: "Reflections of an Era - My Experiences with Bird and Prez" Jazz Journal, August 1996: "I remember a couple of things about Bird that happened while I was with Prez. Prez and I were in DC at a club called Caverns, and Bird was also in town with Duke Jordan on piano. Bird asked me to join the band (not I'm sure, because he didn't like Duke's playing, but for personal reasons that my reply explains). I told Bird, I love you, but I can't put up with your not paying people and leaving them stranded in different places. I f you did that to me I'd have to hurt you or try to, and I'd hate to have that to happen because I love you. I'd rather be your friend and listen"

 

August/September

Charlie Parker

Chicago, IL.

Statement of Charlie Parker account from the Gale Agency dated April 25, 1949. A scan is shown in K. Vail (ed.), Charlie Parker & Jazz Club Memorabilia  (2007), 44: Shows September 17 receipt of $240 and $250 for Chicago dates.

 

August/September

Charlie Parker

Boston, MA.

Statement of Charlie Parker account from the Gale Agency dated April 25, 1949. A scan is shown in K. Vail (ed.), Charlie Parker & Jazz Club Memorabilia  (2007), 44: Shows September 17 receipt of $64 (Milt Shaw) and $154 for Boston dates.

 

September 3

Charlie Parker

(as) acc. by Miles Davis (tp); Tadd Dameron (p); Curly Russell (b); Max Roach (d).

Tadd Dameron and His Orchestra

Fats Navarro (tp); Allen Eager (ts): Milt Jackson (vib); Tadd Dameron (p); Curley Russell (b); Kenny Clarke (d).

Miles Davis Nonet

Miles Davis (tp); Michael Zwerin (tb); Junior Collins (frh); Bill Barber (tu); Lee Konitz (as); Gerry Mulligan (bar & arr), John Lewis (p & arr); Al McKibbon (b); Max Roach (d); Gil Evans (arr).

Kenny Hagood

(voc).

Royal Roost, New York, NY.

September 3–5.

Parker weekend engagement as special guest star.

September 4:

WMCA broadcast 3–4 a.m. Symphony Sid (mc).

Tadd Dameron Orchestra, Charlie Parker All-Stars, and Davis Nonet.

Recordings exist.

 

Symphony Sid announcement in WMCA broadcast September 4.

Statement of Charlie Parker account from the Gale Agency dated April 25, 1949. A scan is shown in K. Vail (ed.), Charlie Parker & Jazz Club Memorabilia  (2007), 44: Shows September 17 New York date receipt of $200, possibly for this engagement.

 

http://www.plosin.com/milesahead/BirdSessions.aspx?s=480904

http://www.plosin.com/milesahead/Sessions.aspx?s=480904

 

September 18

Charlie Parker All-Stars

Miles Davis (tp); Charlie Parker (as); John Lewis (p); Tommy Potter (b); Max Roach (d).

Harry Smith Studios, New York, NY.

Commercial recordings for Savoy.

Statement of Charlie Parker account from the Gale Agency dated April 25, 1949. A scan is shown in K. Vail (ed.), Charlie Parker & Jazz Club Memorabilia  (2007), 44: Shows September 17 record date receipts of § 600 and 585, probably for this and the following session.

http://www.plosin.com/milesahead/BirdSessions.aspx?s=480918a

 

September 24

Charlie Parker All-Stars

Miles Davis (tp); Charlie Parker (as); John Lewis (p); Tommy Potter (b); Max Roach (d).

Harry Smith Studios, New York, NY.

Commercial recordings for Savoy.

 

http://www.plosin.com/milesahead/BirdSessions.aspx?s=480924

 

September late?

Charlie Parker Quintet

Dizzy Gillespie Orchestra

Pershing Ballroom, Chicago, IL.

Private lacquer (acetate) recordings are believed to come from here.

 

K. Vail, Bird’s Diary, 1996, 41: Shows photo of Parker with the Gillespie band and gives date September 26 (no source given).

I have found no indications of such an engagement.

http://www.plosin.com/milesahead/BirdSessions.aspx?s=481000a

http://www.plosin.com/milesahead/BirdSessions.aspx?s=481000b

Losin dates these September/October 1948.

This has been doubted because it has not been possible to find traces of neither Gillespie, nor Parker, or Davis in Chicago at this time, and because it has been believed that Davis was engaged at the Roost until the end of September 1948. However, recent research points in another direction:

“Night Life,” Brooklyn Eagle, September 21, 1948, 5: Anita O’Day into the Roost on Thursday September 23, Basie remains.

A. O’Day and G. Eells, High Times Hard Times (1982), 150–5: O’Day tells that she opened at the Roost opposite Basie and Dameron.

In the September 18 WMCA broadcast from the Roost Symphony Sid announces O’Day, and Dameron for the next week, even if the surviving broadcasts from September 25 do not have Tadd Dameron, but instead the Miles Davis Quintet and Kenny Hagood. Davis may have stopped already on September 25.

Statement of Charlie Parker account from the Gale Agency dated April 25, 1949. A scan is shown in K. Vail (ed.), Charlie Parker & Jazz Club Memorabilia  (2007), 44: Shows November 15 receipt of $300 (Al Benson) for Chicago date.

Jesse Tarrant in D. Gillespie and A. Fraser, To Be, or Not… to Bop (1979), 344–45: Tarrant tells of two Chicago gigs: one with Parker and the Gillespie Orchestra and another with Parker/Miles Davis and the Gillespie orchestra. He states that he joined Gillespie after the European tour in 1948 and names Teddy Stewart, Ernie Henry, and James Moody at the first occasion. This gives a date between March late and November 1948, because Moody left Gillespie in November, and Davis left Parker in December.

Ad in Chicago Defender, May 16, 1948, 26: The Dizzy Gillespie Orchestra at the New Savoy, Chicago, on May 16. It may have been in Chicago on other dates in May.

“Swinging the News,” Chicago Defender, October 2, 1948, 9: Eckstine, Ellington, Mercer Ellington, and Gillespie into Pershing Ballroom within span of few days.

I have not found other Gillespie appearances in Chicago in 1948.

All this may point to a Parker/Gillespie appearance in Chicago in May, and a Parker/Davis/Gillespie appearance in Chicago in late September.  If so the pianist in the Parker quintet cannot be Duke Jordan. He was out of the band by then.

 

September late?

Charlie Parker Quintet

Ciro’s, Philadelphia; PA.

 

K. Vail, Bird’s Diary, 1996, 41 (no source given).

I have found no traces of such an engagement.

October 19

Jam session

Three Deuces, NYC.

Parker is featured guest at Leonard Feather’s Tuesday jam session at the Three Deuces.

“Music–As Written, Billboard, October 23, 1948, 41.

Ads from newspapers in Leonard Feather’s 1947–49 diary. Leonard Feather Collection at University of Idaho.

http://contentdm.lib.uidaho.edu/cdm4/document.php?CISOROOT=/lfc&CISOPTR=2396&REC=4

 

November 6

JATP

(7th National tour)

Tour Group

Howard McGhee (tp); Tommy Turk (tb); Sonny Criss, Charlie Parker (as); Coleman Hawkins, Flip Philips (ts); Al Haig (p); Tommy Potter (b); J. C. Heard (d); Kenny Hagood (voc).

November 6–December 11?

November 6: Carnegie Hall, New York, NY.

November 13: Masonic Temple, Detroit, MI.

November 15: South Hi Auditorium, Salt Lake City, UT.

November 16: Moore Theater, Seattle, WA.

November 17: Park Auditorium, Vancouver, Canada

November 19: Portland Auditorium, Portland, OR.

November 20: Long Beach Municipal Auditorium, Long Beach, CA.

November 21: Ross Auditorium, San Diego, CA.

November 22: Shrine Auditorium, Los Angeles, CA.

November 23: Oakland Auditorium, Oakland, CA.

November 24:  Opera House, San Francisco, CA.

November 25: Municipal Auditorium, Kansas City, MO.

November 26: Civic Opera House, Chicago, IL.

December 11: Mosque Theater, New Ark, NJ.

 

Booklet to The complete Jazz At The Philharmonic on Verve. P. Pullman ed., (1998), 184–85.

Parker could not have participated in the December 12 concert.

See also further documentation on the particular dates.

Statement of Charlie Parker account from the Gale Agency dated April 25, 1949. A scan is shown in K. Vail (ed.), Charlie Parker & Jazz Club Memorabilia  (2007), 44: Shows November 15 receipts of $220 and $1477 for Granz dates.

November 6

JATP Concert

Howard McGhee (tp); Tommy Turk (tb); Sonny Criss, Charlie Parker (as); Coleman Hawkins, Flip Philips (ts); Al Haig (p); Tommy Potter (b); J. C. Heard (d); Kenny Hagood (voc).

Carnegie Hall, NYC.

Midnight concert.

 

Booklet to The complete Jazz At The Philharmonic on Verve. P. Pullman ed., (1998), 184: “28-day tour starting at Carnegie,” Variety, October 20, 1948, 36.

 

November 13

JATP Concert

Howard McGhee (tp); Tommy Turk (tb); Sonny Criss, Charlie Parker (as); Coleman Hawkins, Flip Philips (ts); Al Haig (p); Tommy Potter (b); J. C. Heard (d); Kenny Hagood (voc).

Masonic Temple, Detroit, MI.

 

Booklet to The complete Jazz At The Philharmonic on Verve. P. Pullman ed., (1998), 184: Variety, December 1, 1948, 39.

 

November 15

JATP Concert

Howard McGhee, Tommy Turk (tb); Sonny Criss, Charlie Parker (as); Coleman Hawkins, Flip Philips (ts); Al Haig (p); Tommy Potter (b); J.C. Heard (d). Kenny Hagood (voc).

South Hi Auditorium, Salt Lake City, UT.

“Jazz Concert Slated in S. L. Tonight,” Salt Lake Tribune, November 15, 1948, 15:  Personnel listed. Hagood is not included.

“Jazz Concert ‘Sends’ Young Enthusiasts,” Salt Lake Tribune, November 16, 1948, 12: Review of concert without naming musicians.

 

November 16

JATP Concert

Howard McGhee (tp); Tommy Turk (tb); Sonny Criss, Charlie Parker (as); Coleman Hawkins, Flip Philips (ts); Al Haig (p); Tommy Potter (b); J. C. Heard (d); Kenny Hagood (voc).

Moore Theater, Seattle, WA.

8:30 p.m.

 

Ad in Seattle Daily Times, November 14, 1948, 15.

Booklet to The complete Jazz At The Philharmonic on Verve. P. Pullman ed., (1998), 184: Down Beat, December 15, 1948, 17: Review.

 

 

November 17

JATP Concert

Howard McGhee (tp); Tommy Turk (tb); Sonny Criss, Charlie Parker (as); Coleman Hawkins, Flip Philips (ts); Al Haig (p); Tommy Potter (b); J. C. Heard (d); Kenny Hagood (voc).

Park Auditorium, Vancouver, Canada.

Parker did not appear here.

 

Booklet to The complete Jazz At The Philharmonic on Verve. P. Pullman ed., (1998), 184: Ad in Vancouver Sun, November 17, 1948. Down Beat, December 1, 1948, 6: Review.

K. Vail, Bird's Diary (1996), 43: Shows newspaper article telling that parker did no show up.

November 19

JATP Concert

Howard McGhee (tp); Tommy Turk (tb); Sonny Criss, Charlie Parker (as); Coleman Hawkins, Flip Philips (ts); Al Haig (p); Tommy Potter (b); J. C. Heard (d); Kenny Hagood (voc).

Public Auditorium, Portland, OR.

8:30 p.m.

 

Ad in Oregonian (Portland, OR.), November 14, 1948, 4.

November 20

Charlie Parker

Charlie Parker and Doris Sydnor, who accompanied Parker in the tour drive to ‘Tia Juana and are get married.

 

Doris Parker in R. Reisner, Bird – The Legend of Charlie Parker (1962) 170.

November 20

JATP Concert

Howard McGhee (tp); Tommy Turk (tb); Sonny Criss, Charlie Parker (as); Coleman Hawkins, Flip Philips (ts); Al Haig (p); Tommy Potter (b); J. C. Heard (d); Kenny Hagood (voc).

Long Beach Municipal Auditorium, Long Beach, CA.

8:30 p.m.

 

Ad in California Eagle, November 18, 1948, 15.

 

November 21

JATP Concert

Howard McGhee (tp); Tommy Turk (tb); Sonny Criss, Charlie Parker (as); Coleman Hawkins, Flip Philips (ts); Al Haig (p); Tommy Potter (b); J. C. Heard (d); Kenny Hagood (voc).

Ross Auditorium, San Diego, CA.

 

Ad in San Diego Union, November 14, 1948, 2d.

 

November 22

JATP Concert

Howard McGhee (tp); Tommy Turk (tb); Sonny Criss, Charlie Parker (as); Coleman Hawkins, Flip Philips (ts); Al Haig (p); Tommy Potter (b); J. C. Heard (d); Kenny Hagood (voc).

Shrine Auditorium, Los Angeles, CA.

8:30 p.m.

 

Ad in California Eagle, November 18, 1948, 15.

J. Haddix, Bird –The Life and Music of Charlie Parker (2013), 119-20, 175 n. 31–32: Norman Granz tells that Parker disappeared and that Teddy Edwards was sent out to find him. Parker only managed to participate in a couple of numbers at the end of the concert.

November 23

JATP Concert

Howard McGhee (tp); Tommy Turk (tb); Sonny Criss, Charlie Parker (as); Coleman Hawkins, Flip Philips (ts); Al Haig (p); Tommy Potter (b); J. C. Heard (d); Kenny Hagood (voc).

Oakland Auditorium, Oakland, CA.

 

Booklet to The complete Jazz At The Philharmonic on Verve. P. Pullman ed., (1998), 185: Down Beat, December 15, 1948, 15: Review.

 

November 24

JATP Concert

Howard McGhee (tp); Tommy Turk (tb); Sonny Criss, Charlie Parker (as); Coleman Hawkins, Flip Philips (ts); Al Haig (p); Tommy Potter (b); J. C. Heard (d); Kenny Hagood (voc).

Opera House, San Francisco, CA.

 

Booklet to The complete Jazz At The Philharmonic on Verve. P. Pullman ed., (1998), 194–95.

 

November 25

Concert and Dance

JATP

Flip Philips, Coleman Hawkins, Al Haig, J. C. Heard, and others.

Ivory Joe Hunter

Municipal Auditorium, Kansas City, MO.

9–1 a.m.

Francis M. Spencer presents for Thanksgiving.

 

Ad in Kansas City Star, November 25, 1948, 14: Charlie Parker is not mentioned in the ad.

November 26

JATP Concert

Howard McGhee (tp); Tommy Turk (tb); Charlie Parker, Sonny Criss (as); Coleman Hawkins, Flip Philips (ts); Al Haig (p); Tommy Potter (b); J. C. Heard (d); Kenny Hagood (voc).

Civic Opera House, Chicago, IL.

8:30 p.m.

 

Ad in Chicago Defender, November 20, 1948, 31

 

November late?

Charlie Parker

Chicago, IL.

 

Statement of Charlie Parker account from the Gale Agency dated April 25, 1949. A scan is shown in K. Vail (ed.), Charlie Parker & Jazz Club Memorabilia  (2007), 44: Shows November 15 receipt of $300 for Chicago date (Al Benson).

 

November 28

JATP Concert

Howard McGhee (tp); Tommy Turk (tb); Charlie Parker, Sonny Criss (as); Coleman Hawkins, Flip Philips (ts); Al Haig (p); Tommy Potter (b); J. C. Heard (d); Kenny Hagood (voc).

Music Hall, Cleveland, OH.

 

Ad in Plain Dealer (Cleveland, OH.). November 24, 1948, 10.

December 9

Charlie Parker Quintet

Miles Davis, (tp); Charlie Parker (as); Al Haig (p); Tommy Potter (b); Max Roach (d).

Kenny Dorham replaced Miles Davis on December 24.

Charlie Ventura Band

Norman Faye (tp), Benny Green, (tb) Ben Ventura (as & bars), Charlie Ventura (ts & bars), Roy Kral (p), Ken O'Brien (b), Ed Shaughnessy (dr), Jackie Cain (voc).

Billy Eckstine

(voc).

Royal Roost, NYC.

December 9–January 6.

December 11:

WMCA broadcast. 3–4 a.m. Symphony Sid (mc).

Charlie Ventura Band, Charlie Parker Quintet.

December 12:

Broadcast WNEW. 2:30–3Š30 p.m. Art Ford (mc):

Charlie Ventura Band, Charlie Parker Quintet, and Billy Eckstine.

Recordings exist.

December 18:

WMCA broadcast. 3–4 a.m. Symphony Sid (mc).

Charlie Ventura Band, Charlie Parker Quintet.

Recordings exist.

December 25:

WMCA broadcast. 3–4 a.m. Symphony Sid (mc).

Charlie Ventura Band, Charlie Parker Quintet, and Billy Eckstine.

Recordings exists

 

“Goings On About Town: Royal Roost,” New Yorker, 4 December 1948: 8: Opening December 9: Billy Eckstine, Charlie Parker, Charlie Ventura.

K. Vail, Miles’ Diary (1996), 19: Davis leaves the band on December 23.

Statement of Charlie Parker account from the Gale Agency dated April 25, 1949. A scan is shown in K. Vail (ed.), Charlie Parker & Jazz Club Memorabilia  (2007), 44: Shows December 15, 22, and 29 receipts of $200, $261, and $425 for Royal Roost engagement.

Statement of Charlie Parker account from the Gale Agency dated April 25, 1949. A scan is shown in K. Vail (ed.), Charlie Parker & Jazz Club Memorabilia  (2007), 44: Shows December 30 receipt of $100 (Leonard Feather) probably for the WNEW performance.

Boris Rose’s Birdland Book.

http://www.plosin.com/milesahead/BirdSessions.aspx?s=481211

http://www.plosin.com/milesahead/BirdSessions.aspx?s=481212

http://www.plosin.com/milesahead/BirdSessions.aspx?s=481218

http://www.plosin.com/milesahead/BirdSessions.aspx?s=481225

 

December 20

Charlie Parker

(as),

Flip Philips

(ts),

acc. by

Machito and His Orchestra

Mario Bauza, Frank Davilla, Bob Woodlen (tp); Gene Johnson, Fred Skerritt (as); Jose Madera (ts); Leslie Johnakins (bs); Rene Hernandez (p); Roberto Rodriguez (b); Jose Manguel (bgo); Luis Miranda (cga); Umbaldo Nieto (timbales); Frank "Machito" Grillo (maracas).

Unidentified studio, New York, NY.

Commercial recording for Mercury.

 

http://www.plosin.com/milesahead/BirdSessions.aspx?s=481220

 

December 25

An Evening of Bebop

Dizzy Gillespie and His Orchestra

Including: Ernie Henry (as); Budd Johnson (ts); Cecil Payne (bars); Joe Harris (dr); Sabu Martinez (bgs); Johnny Hartman (voc).

Joe Carroll

Billy Eckstine

Illinois Jacquet

Ella Fitzgerald

Sarah Vaughan

Charlie Ventura Band

Charlie Parker Quintet

Presentation of other poll winners (including Kai Winding; Milt Jackson; Tad Dameron; Billy Bauer; Max Roach; Serge Chaloff; Chubby Jackson).

Carnegie Hall, New York, NY.

8:30 p.m.

Symphony Sid Torin, Monte Kay, Leonard Feather (prod).

 

“Jazz Poll Winner to Shine at Xmas Concert,” New York Age December 18, 1948, 14: the concert present winners of the first disc Jockey poll of modern jazz.

"Goings on about Town: Music," New Yorker, December 18, 1948, 14.

Down Beat, January 14, 1949, 3: Review.

D. Gillespie and A. Fraser, To Be or Not... to Bop (1979), 313.

J. Chambers, Milestones vol. 1 (1983), 121.