1951

 

Charlie Parker Chronology

 

 

 

 

Created by Leif Bo Petersen

Last Update: September 10, 2015.

 

Date

Event

References/Further Details

 

 

January 3

Charlie Parker Quintet

New York, NY.

Red Rodney, Kenny Drew, Curly Russell, and Phil Brown file claims against Parker with Local 802.

 

K. Vail, Bird’s Diary (1996), 96: No source is given.

This was probably related to the Philadelphia gig in December (see December 24).

 

January 9

Charlie Parker Quintet

Club 421, Philadelphia, PA.

January 9–14.

This engagement may not have been realized.

 

L. Feather, "Parker Hotar Stämma Delaunay," Estrad, February 1951, 7: Article dated January: Parker plays currently in Philadelphia in quintet inclusive Red Rodney.

K. Vail, Bird’s Diary (1996), 96: Has locality and dates. No source is given.

I have found no traces of such an engagement in the Philadelphia Inquirer.

 

 

January 11

Charlie Parker

New York, NY.

Local 802 has summoned Parker to attend a meeting in New York on January 11 in order to give answers to the claims of Red Rodney, Kenny Drew, Curly Russell, and Phil Brown.

 

K. Vail, Bird’s Diary (1996), 96: No source is given.

 

January 17

Charlie Parker Quintet

Miles Davis (tp); Charlie Parker (as); Walter Bishop Jr. (p); Teddy Kotick (b); Max Roach (d).

Unidentified recording studio, New York, NY.

Commercial recordings for Mercury.

 

http://www.plosin.com/milesahead/BirdSessions.aspx?s=510117a

 

 

January 19

Charlie Parker Quintet

Miles Davis (tp); Charlie Parker (as); unidentified (p); unidentified (b); unidentified (d).

Hotel Diplomat, New York, NY.

Private tape recordings exist.

 

http://www.plosin.com/milesahead/BirdSessions.aspx?s=510119

This session has earlier been dated some time in 1950. The present date comes from Norman Saks. Losin has Al Haig, Tommy Potter, and Haynes in the rhythm, but it may more probably be the same rhythm section as on the January 17 session: Bishop, Kotick, and Roach.

 

 

February 1?

Charlie Parker

Unidentified venue, New York, NY.

VOA broadcast: Jazz Club USA, Leonard Feather (prod).

Probably originally recorded c. February 1, 1951

Leonard Feather interview with Charlie Parker.

Recording exists.

 

http://www.plosin.com/milesahead/BirdSessions.aspx?s=510200

In the interview Feather and Parker comments a magazine article: Cab

Calloway, “Is Dope Killing Our Musicians?” Ebony, February 1951, 22–28.

Feather also refers to a notice, which he has sent to Down Beat concerning Parker's search for a new agent. Such a notice can be found in Down Beat, February 9, 1951, 4 ("Bird, Shaw Split.")

 

 

February 9

Charlie Parker with Strings

Probably: Charlie Parker (as); unidentified oboe; Teddy Blume (vln); 3 unidentified strings; unidentified harp: Walter Bishop Jr. (p); Teddy Kotick (b); Roy Haynes (d).

Johnny Brown's, East Liberty, Pittsburgh, PA.

February 9–17, 1951.

 

“Rhythm & Blues Notes," Billboard, February 3, 1951, 27: Part of extended tour booked by Shaw Artist Corporation.

Walter Bishop Jr. in R. Reisner, Bird: The Legend of Charlie Parker (1975), 46: Tells of the tour and bad business at John Brown's.

Teddy Blume in R. Reisner, Bird: The Legend of Charlie Parker (1975), 61: Tells same story of bad business at John Brown's.

K. Vail, Bird’s Diary (1996), 96: Gives the date. No source is given.

 

 

February 11

Charlie Parker

Acc. by local musicians: Charlie Parker (as); Claude McLin (ts); George Freeman (g); Chris Anderson (p); Leroy Jackson (b); Bruz Freeman (d).

Pershing Ballroom, Chicago, IL.

McKie Fitzhugh (mc).

Private tape recordings exist.

 

"The Bird Flies into Pershing. Top Local Bands Share Parker's Bill," Chicago Defender, February 10, 1951, 32.

http://www.plosin.com/milesahead/BirdSessions.aspx?s=510211

 

 

February 19

Fran Warren (voc)

Charlie Parker with Strings

Probably: Charlie Parker (as); unidentified oboe; Teddy Blume (vln); 3 unidentified strings; unidentified harp: Walter Bishop Jr. (p); Teddy Kotick (b); Roy Haynes (d).

Lindsay Lovelies

Harbors and Dale

Al Mack

Town Casino, Buffalo, NY.

February 19–25, 1951, 3 shows at 7:30. 10:30, and 1:30.

Lennie Paige (mc).

 

Ad in Buffalo Courier-Express, February 18, 1951, 11C: Opening tomorrow for one week only.

Show program reproduced in K. Vail (ed.), Charlie Parker & Jazz Club Memorabilia (2007), 13.

 

March 2

Charlie Parker with Strings

Probably: Charlie Parker (as); unidentified oboe; Teddy Blume (vln); 3 unidentified strings; unidentified harp: Walter Bishop Jr. (p); Teddy Kotick (b); Roy Haynes (d).

Paradise Theatre, Detroit, MI.

March 2–8, 1951.

 

“Rhythm & Blues Notes," Billboard, February 3, 1951, 27: Part of extended tour booked by the Shaw Artist Corporation.

 

March 12

Charlie Parker’s Jazzers

Charlie Parker (as); Walther Bishop Jr. (p); Teddy Kotick (b); Max Roach (d); Louis Miranda (cga); Jose Manguel (bgo).

Unidentified recording studio, New York, NY.

Commercial recordings for Mercury.

 

http://www.plosin.com/milesahead/BirdSessions.aspx?s=510312

 

 

March 22

Charlie Parker with Strings

Probably: Charlie Parker (as); unidentified oboe; Teddy Blume (vln); 3 unidentified strings; unidentified harp: Walter Bishop Jr. (p); Teddy Kotick (b); Roy Haynes (d).

Erroll Garner Trio

Erroll Garner (p); John Simmons (b); Shadow Wilson (d).

Slim Gaillard Trio

Birdland, New York, NY.

March 22–28, 1951.

March 24:

WJZ Broadcast, (Symphony Sid (mc).

Charlie Parker with Strings

Slim Gaillard Trio

Recordings exist.

 

"Rhythm and Blues Notes," Billboard, March 3, 1951, 28: Parker with strings billed at Birdland for 10 days opening March 22. Parker and Strings will proceed opening at the Apollo on April 5. Gaillard had opened at Birdland on February 22.

"Goings on about Town: Birdland," New Yorker, March 17, 1951, 8: Opening March 22: Garner Trio and Parker with Strings.

"Goings on about Town: Birdland," New Yorker, March 24, 1951, 6: Closing March 28: Garner Trio (personnel mentioned), Slim Gaillard, and Parker with Strings.

http://www.plosin.com/milesAhead/BirdSessions.aspx?s=510324

Boris Rose's Birdland Book.

 

March 29

Charlie Parker/Dizzy Gillespie/Bud Powell

Dizzy Gillespie (tp); Charlie Parker (as); Bud Powell replaced by Billy Taylor (p); Tommy Potter (b); Roy Haynes (d).

Georgie Auld All Stars

George Kirby (impersonator)

Birdland, New York, NY.

March 29–April 4, 1951.

March 31:

WJZ broadcast, Symphony Sid (mc)

Georgie Auld

George Kirby

Charlie Parker/Dizzy Gillespie/Bud Powell

Recordings exist.

"Goings on about Town: Birdland," New Yorker, March 24, 1951, 6: Closing March 28: Garner Trio (personnel mentioned), Slim Gaillard, and Parker with Strings. Next evening Charlie Parker (completely unstrung this time), joins Dizzy Gillespie's outfit, and Georgie Auld's outfit also moves in.

"Goings on about Town: Birdland," New Yorker, March 31, 1951, 6: "It is hard to be sure who's here at a given moment, but the spirit is always one of fractured melody blown forth with a great good will."

The Symphony Sid announcement from March 31 tells that this band is on the bill through Wednesday.

L. Feather, "Voice of America Sänder Till Europa," Estrad, May 1951, ?: Dated April 11: Bud Powell has retuned to town after his latest "nervous breakdown" and joined with Dizzy and Parker at Birdland., but he did not manage to play the week out."

http://www.plosin.com/milesahead/BirdSessions.aspx?s=510331

Boris Rose's Birdland Book.

 

 

April early

Charlie Parker/Dizzy Gillespie/Billy Taylor

Dizzy Gillespie (tp); Charlie Parker (as); Billy Taylor (p); Tommy Potter (b); Roy Haynes (d).

Birdland, New York, NY.

VOA broadcast: Jazz Club USA, Leonard Feather (prod).

Originally recorded April early, 1951.

Recordings exist.

 

http://www.plosin.com/milesahead/BirdSessions.aspx?s=510408

"From the Production Centers," Variety, March 14, 1951, 22: Leonard Feather will broadcast from Birdland on Saturday, April 7. The program will include a live jam session that may turn into a regular Saturday event.

"On the Radio," New York Times, April 7, 1951: WOR: 12:00: News, Dance music: Leonard Feather, Jack O'Reilly (to 5). The similar programs in the weeks before and after have dance music until 2, and do not mention Feather or O'Reilly.

Maybe the VOA Gillespie/Parker/Taylor broadcast originally comes from the WOR program.

 

 

April 5?

Charlie Parker with Strings

Probably: Charlie Parker (as); unidentified oboe; Teddy Blume (vln); 3 unidentified strings; unidentified harp: Walter Bishop Jr. (p); Teddy Kotick (b); Roy Haynes (d).

Birdland, New York, NY.

April 5?–?, 1951.

April 7:

WJZ broadcast, Symphony Sid (mc).

Charlie Parker with Strings

Recordings exist.

"Goings on about Town: Birdland," New Yorker, April 7, 1951, 8: "Bebop is spoken here, along with more traditional native dialects."

"Goings on about Town: Birdland," New Yorker, April 15, 1951, 8: "The cast changes here at the drop of a hat, but the end product is usually as solid, man, as ever."

The only documentation for such a Parker gig is the broadcast listed in Boris Rose's Birdland Book on April 7.

http://www.plosin.com/milesAhead/BirdSessions.aspx?s=510407

3 tracks from Philology Volume 17 (W 847): Easy to Love, Rocker, and Jumpin’ with Symphony Sid: ‘These are usually dated March 17 or March 21. The two last are not mentioned in the Boris Rose’s Birdland Book.

The Symphony Sid announcement reveals the correct date of the tracks: "See you at the Apollo this morning.”

Ad in New York Age, April 7, 1951, 13: Symphony Sid was at the bill at the Apollo the week beginning April 6.

So this broadcast fragment must be from April 7.

 

 

April early?

Serge Chaloff /Charlie Parker

Charlie Parker (as); Serge Chaloff (bs); Nat Pierce (p); Jack Lawlor (b); Joe MacDonald (d).

April early?

5 cities tour arranged by Boots Mussuli.

 

B. Blumenthal, Liner notes in booklet to the CD: Charlie Parker in Boston, 1952, Uptown UPCD 27.42 (1996), 24: Joe McDonald has told of this tour, ending with a jam session at Christy's including Wardell Gray and Howard McGhee.

I have not been able to document this tour in New England newspapers.

 

 

April 12?

Jam session

Probably: Charlie Parker (as); Bill Wellington (ts); Wardell Gray (ts); Nat Pierce (p); Jack Lawlor (b); Joe MacDonald (d).

Christy's, Framingham, MA.

Probably April 12, 1951, early morning (April 11 after midnight).

Recordings exist.

 

B. Blumenthal, Liner notes in booklet to the CD: Charlie Parker in Boston, 1952, Uptown UPCD 27.42 (1996), 24: Drummer Joe McDonald has told of this jam session.

Jam Sessions at Christy's - c. Winter—Spring 1950. ZIM Records: This sheet describes the ZIM Records holdings of tapes from Christy’s. The date given for the Parker tracks is April 12, 1950. Art Zimmerman has recently (2013) informed me that this tape came in a cassette with the written date 4/12/51 and the personnel: McGhee, Parker, Wellington, Pierce, Tommy Potter, and Jim Clark. Listening to the bass solo on Scrapple From the Apple, I hear "Go Jack" yelled 2 times. This is not consistent with the Tommy Potter on the reel label, but points to Jack Lawlor, who played with Nat Pierce in this period,

Zimmerman's material has only two tracks with Parker: Lullaby in Rhythm and Scrapple from the Apple.

http://www.plosin.com/milesAhead/BirdSessions.aspx?s=510412

Here one further recording is included: The Happy Bird. This may be from another session.

 

 

April 12

Charlie Parker and His Swing Symphony

Apollo Theater, New York, NY.

Rehearsal for the engagement starting on April 13.

B. Priestley, Chasin' the Bird (2006), 217 (note 84): Rehearsal on April 12. Priestly refers to contract reproduced in C. Parker [Richardson] and F. Paudras, To Bird With Love (1981), 359.

 

 

April 13

Charlie Parker and His Swing Symphony

Reduced band 10 pieces: Probably: Charlie Parker (as); unidentified oboe; Teddy Blume (vln); 3 unidentified strings; unidentified harp, Walter Bishop Jr. (p); Teddy Kotick (b); Roy Haynes (d).

Full band 18 pieces. Including: Benny Harris (tp); Benny Green (tb); Sahib Shihab (as); Charlie Rouse (ts); Gerry Mulligan (bars & arr).

The Orioles (6 pieces: voc and rhythm).

Nipsey Russell (comedian)

Edward Sisters (dance group)

Joan Shaw (voc)

“Crackshot” (comedy group)

Maxellos (acrobats)

Apollo Theater, New York, NY.

April 13–19, 1951.

 

Ad in New York Age, April 14, 1951, 13.

"Orioles... Charlie Parker Head New Apollo Show," New York Age, April 14, 1951, 15.

"House Reviews: Apollo, N.Y.," Variety, April 18, 1951, 67 and 73: Review on April 13.

B. Priestley, Chasin' the Bird (2006), 84:  Mentions big band members. Refers to contract reproduced in C. Parker Richardson and F. Paudras, To Bird With Love (1981), 359.

 

April 20?

Charlie Parker Quintet

Probably: Little Benny Harris (tp); Charlie Parker (as); Walter Bishop Jr. (p); Teddy Kotick (b); Roy Haynes (d).

Possibly: Symphony Ballroom, Boston, MA.

Possibly April 20 (ending after midnight).

Tape recordings probably by Chan Richardson exist.

http://www.plosin.com/milesahead/BirdSessions.aspx?s=510421

K. Vail (ed.), Charlie Parker & Jazz Club Memorabilia (2007), 18: Photos of 3 tape boxes are shown. One box has the names: Benny Harris, Roy Haynes. Box of reel 2 has the following inscriptions: Bird in Boston. Symphony Hall. 4/21/51.

Closing announcement: "Ladies and Gentlemen, just after playing now to a crowd of ten thousand people, Charlie Parker had a tremendous ovation he was carried on shoulders by the -- all the boys here, (we?) say 'adieu', to all of us. Good night..."

 

 

April 21

Concert

Charlie Parker With Strings

Probably: Charlie Parker (as); unidentified oboe; Teddy Blume (vln); 3 unidentified strings; unidentified harp, Walter Bishop Jr. (p); Teddy Kotick (b); Roy Haynes (d).

June Christy

Johnny Hodges and His All Stars

Uline Arena, Washington, DC.

Symphony Sid, Willis Conover (mc).

 

“On the Town,” Washington Post, April 20, B8: Parker, Johnny Hodges, Symphony Sid, Willis Conover (mc).

K. Vail (ed.), Charlie Parker & Jazz Club Memorabilia (2007), 25: Contract is shown.

K. Vail, Bird’s Diary (1996), 100: Magazine notice is shown (probably from Down Beat).

 

April 22

Concert

Charlie Parker With Strings

Probably: Charlie Parker (as); unidentified oboe; Teddy Blume (vln); 3 unidentified strings; unidentified harp, Walter Bishop Jr. (p); Teddy Kotick (b); Roy Haynes (d).

June Christy

Lucy Ann Polk

Ray Sims (voc & tb)

Butch Stone & Stumpy Brown (comedy)

Mosque, VA.

8:30 p.m.

 

Ad in Richmond Times, April 11, 1951, 13:

“June Christy, Brown, Parker serve Up Triple Dose of Jazz,” Richmond Times (VA), April 23, 1951, 10: Review.

 

April 26

Charlie Parker With Strings and Quintet

Probably: Little Benny Harris (tp); Charlie Parker (as); unidentified oboe; Teddy Blume (vln); 3 unidentified strings; unidentified harp, Walter Bishop Jr. (p); Teddy Kotick (b); Roy Haynes (d).

The Flame, St. Paul, MN.

April 26–May 6?, 1951.

This gig may have ended a little earlier.

“Rhythm & Blues Notes,” Billboard, April 28, 1951, 37: Charlie Parker Quintet. 12 days opening April 26.

http://www.birdlives.co.uk/gallery/norman-saks-gallery

Norman Saks Collection: Receipt for 10% collection by Local 30: $65,28. Date of engagement 1 week ending May 2, 1951. Day of receipt: May 5, 2951.

Walter Bishop Jr. in R. Reisner, Bird: The Legend of Charlie Parker (1975), 46: Tells of this gig. It is not clear if the strings were there.

K. Vail (ed.), Charlie Parker & Jazz Club Memorabilia (2007), 114: a letter from Teddy Blume dated May 1, 1951, shows that Teddy Blume was in St. Paul on that date, indicating that the string section may have been there too.

 

 

May 7

Charlie Parker With Strings? and Quintet.

Probably: Little Benny Harris (tp); Charlie Parker (as); unidentified oboe; Teddy Blume (vln); 3 unidentified strings; unidentified harp, Walter Bishop Jr. (p); Teddy Kotick (b); Roy Haynes (d).

Lindsey’s Sky Bar, Cleveland, OH.

May 7–14, 1951.

Ad in Plain Dealer, May 6, 1951, 33 D.: Parker starting Monday.

“Swinging Down the Avenue,” Plain Dealer, May 6, 1951, 33 D: “Invades Lindsay’s Sky Bar tomorrow with his hot little Band.”

“Swinging Down the Avenue,” Plain Dealer, May 9 1951, 25: Review on opening night. Strings are not mentioned. The strings could have appeared later in the engagement.

Ad in Plain Dealer, May 13, 1951, 26 D: Herbie Fields opening Tuesday, 15.

 

 

May 19

Charlie Parker With Strings and Quintet.

Probably: Little Benny Harris (tp); Charlie Parker (as); unidentified oboe; Teddy Blume (vln); 3 unidentified strings; unidentified harp, Walter Bishop Jr. (p); Teddy Kotick (b); Roy Haynes (d).

Ivory Joe Hunter Band

Butterbeans and Susie

Riviera Club, St. Louis, MO.

May 19–26, 1951.

Blues vs. Bop.

 

“Rhythm & Blues Notes,” Billboard, May 12, 1951, 29.

Walter Bishop Jr. in R. Reisner, Bird: The Legend of Charlie Parker (1975), 46: Tells of this gig. It sounds as if the strings were there. He also tells of Benny Harris being there.

 

May 27

Charlie Parker and His All Stars

Probably: Little Benny Harris (tp); Charlie Parker (as); Walter Bishop Jr. (p); Teddy Kotick (b); Roy Haynes (d).

Also Buffalo’s top jazz musicians.

Kleinhans Music Hall, Buffalo, NY.

8:30 p.m. Joe Rice, WWOL (prod).

 

Ad in Buffalo Courier-Express, May 26, 1951, 8.

 

May 28

Charlie Parker Quintet

Probably: Little Benny Harris (tp); Charlie Parker (as); Walter Bishop Jr. (p); Teddy Kotick (b); Roy Haynes (d).

Hi Hat, Boston, MA.

May 28–June 3, 1951.

 

“Rhythm & Blues Notes,” Billboard, May 26, 1951, 32.

I have not been able to document this engagement in the Boston newspapers.

 

Summer/autumn

Charlie Parker

Charlie Parker is apprehended for drug possession. He later receives a three months suspended sentence for drug abuse. His Cabaret Card is revoked.

 

K. Vail, Bird’s Diary (1996), 102.

Chan Richardson, My Life In E-Flat (1993), 36: It is not clear from her account precisely when he lost the card. Parker engagement at the Apollo Bar in September may indicate that he did not loose it until after that gig.

 

 

June 4?

Charlie Parker Quintet

Probably: Little Benny Harris (tp); Charlie Parker (as); Walter Bishop Jr. (p); Teddy Kotick (b); Roy Haynes (d).

421 Club, Philadelphia, PA.

June 4–10.

Probably cancelled or moved to later in the month.

 

“Rhythm & Blues Notes,” Billboard, May 26, 1951, 32.

K. Vail (ed.), Charlie Parker & Jazz Club Memorabilia (2007), 28–29: Shows 2 advance receipts from Club 421 Club, Philadelphia, dated June 25 and 26.

 

 

June 7

 

Charlie Parker

Personnel unidentified.

Georgie Auld Band

Slim Gaillard

Birdland, New York, NY.

June 7–13, 1951.

“Goings on about Town: Birdland,” New Yorker, June 2, 1951, 6: “A panorama of changing styles of progressive jazz synchronized with a shrill soundtrack.”

“Goings on about Town: Birdland,” New Yorker, June 9, 1951, 6: “The mop-and-bop school having its nightly fling. The Flip Philips band is the main attraction at the moment.”

“Night Life,” Brooklyn Eagle, June 6, 1951, 13: “Jam session: Charlie Parker, Georgie Auld, and Slim Gaillard groups appear for a week starting tomorrow at Birdland.”

Boris Rose’s Birdland Book has no broadcast recordings from Saturday 9.

 

 

June 12

Drug Hearings

June 12—14, 1951, New York, NY.

New York State drug abuse inquiry with public hearings led by Attorney General, Nathaniel L. Goldstein.

Birdland, the Apollo Theater, Charlie Parker, Stan Getz, Gene Ammons, Sonny Stitt, and Machito are pointed out by imprisoned drug addict giving testimony.

The police seem to have undertaken raids in the afternoon of June 14 and arrested a number of dealers and users.

 

"State Finds Addict Can Buy Narcotics Anywhere in City," New York Times, June 15, 1951, 1, 15.

"Girl Addicts Name Places Throughout City Where Are Sold," New York Times, June 15, 1951,

"Narcotic Listings Assailed by Police," New York Times, June 16, 1951, 1, 32: The police raided places and persons the preceding afternoon.

"Strong Defense of Music Industry into Dope Inquiry," Variety, June 27, 1951, 1, 50.

"Addict Drags NYC Clubs..." Down Beat, July 27, 1951, 3.

 

 

June 14

Charlie Parker

accompanied by

Machito Orchestra

Stan Getz Quartet

Slim Gaillard (g & voc)

Birdland, New York, NY.

June 14-20, 1951.

This bill was probably realized without Parker and Getz.

June 16:

WJZ broadcast, Symphony Sid (mc)

Brew Moore/Kai Winding, Machito/Brew Moore, and Gaillard.

Recordings exist.

"Goings on about Town: Birdland," New Yorker, June 16, 1951, 8: “Some of the jazz world’s top brass filters in and out of this alley. On Thursday June 21, Duke Ellington’s band moves in for a brief stint.”

Handbill shown in K. Vail (ed.), Charlie Parker & Jazz Club Memorabilia (2007), 53: Things to Come: June 14–20: Machito, Charlie Parker, and Stan Getz Quintet.

K. Vail, Bird’s Diary (1996), 102: Shows notice, probably from Down Beat stating that Charlie Parker is going to open at Birdland with Machito on June 14. Also on the bill: Stan Getz Quartet and Slim Gaillard. Parker and Getz were probably cancelled. This may have connection to drug charges in the press involving Birdland, Parker, and Getz.

Boris Rose's Birdland Book has recordings with Machito & Brew Moore, Kai Winding, and Slim Gaillard on June 16, but none with Parker and Getz.

 

 

June mid?

Charlie Parker

New York, NY.

 

“On the Upbeat,” Variety, June 27, 1951, 50:

“Norman Granz in NYC to work on recording sessions with Charlie Parker and with Charlie Ventura.”

 

 

June 23

Charlie Parker Quintet

Possibly: Unidentified (tp), Charlie Parker (as), unidentified (p), Teddy Kotick (b), Roy Haynes (d).

Eastern Parkway Ballroom, Brooklyn, New York, NY.

Recordings exist.

 

http://www.plosin.com/milesahead/BirdSessions.aspx?s=510623

Losin has Haig and Rodney. This personnel does not fit with this date.

K. Vail, Bird’s Diary (1996), 102.

 

June 25?

Charlie Parker Quintet

Probably: Little Benny Harris replaced by Clifford Brown (tp); Charlie Parker (as); Walter Bishop Jr. (p); Teddy Kotick (b); Roy Haynes (d).

421 Club, Philadelphia, PA.

June 25?–July 1?. 1951.

K. Vail (ed.), Charlie Parker & Jazz Club Memorabilia (2007), 28–29: Two advance receipts from Club 421, Philadelphia, dated June 25 and 26.

Benny Harris in R. Reisner, Bird: The Legend of Charlie Parker (1962), 108—109: Harris tells that he was fired in Philadelphia and replaced by Clifford Brown.

N. Catalano interview with Tom Darnall in N. Catalano, Clifford Brown (2000), 49—50, 192 note 6—7: Darnell states that it was at Club Harlem and that Parker had fired Benn Harris.

Clifford Brown in N. Hentoff, “Clifford Brown — The New Dizzy,” Down Beat, April 7, 1954, 17: Harris had left before the gig started. It not clear if this happened at the present gig.

 

July early

Charlie Parker

Kansas City, MO.

Charlie Parker goes to Kansas City to visit his mother, Addie Parker.

C. Haddix, Bird -The Life and Music of Charlie Parker (2013), 133: Charlie Parker left New York after having lost his Cabaret Card. He stranded in Kansas City because of a flood. The flood seems to have culminated on July 13, which may have prevented Parker from returning to New York.

 

July early?

Charlie Parker

Acc. by unidentified house band.

Tootie’s Mayfair Club, Jackson County, MO.

 

C. Haddix, Bird -The Life and Music of Charlie Parker (2013), 134, 176, note 7: Based on interviews with Rusty Tucker and Oscar "Lucky" Oscar.

Addie Parker in R. Reisner, Bird: The Legend of Charlie Parker (1975), 66: Tells of going to the Mayfair nightly to listen to her son. She dates this 1952, but it may more likely be 1951, where Parker seems to have played there for a longer time than in 1952.

 

July 17

Charlie Parker

New York, NY.

Charlie Parker and Chan Parker’s (Richardson) daughter, Pree, is born.

 

Chan Parker [Richardson], My Life In E-Flat (1993), 36.

Family tress in Ancestry.com: July 17, New York, NY.

L. Kopitnik, “Bird Documents,” JAM (Jazz Ambassador Magazine), August/September 2015, 12: Here is shown a Western Union Money Order Message sent from Kansas City, MO., with the following text: My Darling put as much as you can on the hospital bill and use the rest for you. I love you beyond explanation your husband.

Kopitnik reads the date on the NY stamping as July 13, but I think it correctly should be read July 18.

 

July 22

Woody Herman Orchestra featuring Charlie Parker

Charlie Parker (as); Roy Caton, Don Fagerquist, Johnny Macombe, Doug Mettome (tp); Urbie Green, Jerry Dorn, Fred Lewis (tb); Woody Herman (as, cl, cond); Dick Hafer, Bill Perkins, Kenny Pinson (ts); Sam Staff (bs); Dave McKenna (p); Red Wootten (b); Sonny Igoe (d).

Municipal Auditorium, Kansas City, MO.

Four spot performances 9:00 p.m.–1:00 a.m.

Francis Spencer (prod).

Private tape recordings exist.

 

K. Vail, Bird’s Diary (1996), 103: Contract between Charlie Parker and promoter Francis Spencer dated July 19 is shown.

"TV Fights Flood," Billboard, July 28, 1951, 47: Woody Herman is skedded to come in to play a colored Dance in the auditorium Sunday (22) but the possibility that the date would be cancelled sill existed Friday (20). Will Wittig's Pla-Mor cancelled its Saturday night (14) dance because of the weather, but was set to roll this weekend."

C. Haddix, Bird —The Life and Music of Charlie Parker (2013), 134—35, 176 (note 8): “Woody Herman, ‘Yardbird’ Perform in Best ‘Show Must Go on’ Tradition, Kansas City Call, July 27, 1951, 3: Woody Herman was on a weeklong engagement at the Pla-Mor Ballroom starting on July 21. The concert at the Municipal Auditorium was for a mixed-race audience. The producer Francis Spencer died unexpectedly few hours before the concert. This explains the newspaper review's headline.

I guess that Herman's Pla-Mor engagement was only a one-nighter.

http://www.plosin.com/milesahead/BirdSessions.aspx?s=510722

 

August

Jam session

Charlie Parker (as); Lennie Tristano (p); Kenny Clarke (brushes).

Lennie Tristano's studio, New York, NY.

Private tape recordings, probably by Chan Parker [Richardson], exist.

 

K. Vail, Bird’s Diary (1996), 103.

http://www.plosin.com/milesahead/BirdSessions.aspx?s=510800

 

August 8

Charlie Parker Quintet

Red Rodney (tp); Charlie Parker (as); John Lewis (p); Ray Brown (b); Kenny Clarke (d).

RCA 24th Street Studio, New York, NY.

Commercial recordings for Mercury.

 

http://www.plosin.com/milesahead/BirdSessions.aspx?s=510808

 

August mid

Charlie Parker

Holiday Hills, Berkshire Mountains, near Pittsfield, MA.

Parker has a week’s holiday there with his wife, Chan Parker [Richardson].

 

Chan Parker [Richardson], My Life In E-Flat (1993), 32-33: During their vacation Charlie Parker drives away to a roadhouse and jams.

August 27

Charlie Parker

Lindsay's Sky Bar, Cleveland, OH.

August 27–September 2, 1951.

Mistake or cancelled.

"Rhythm & Blues Notes," Billboard, August 11, 1951, 40:  Parker at Sky Bar, Cleveland, in the week of August 27.

Ad in Cleveland Plain Dealer, August 26, 1951, 35D:  Stan Getz starts on this date.

K. Vail, Bird's Diary (1996), 103: Vail shows a telegram from James Petrillo to Parker on August 29, which tells that Parker recently had failed to appear at engagements.

 

September 3

Charlie Parker

Probably acc. by local musicians.

Union Park Temple, Chicago, IL.

 

K. Vail, Bird's Diary (1996), 103–104: A telegram from James Petrillo to Parker on August 29 mentions this gig and Parker is threatened with losing his AFM membership if he does not turn up.

 

September 7

Charlie Parker All Star Band

Unidentified personnel.

Apollo Bar, New York, NY.

September 7–20, 1951.

 

Ad in New York Amsterdam News, September 22, 1951, 27.

K. Vail, Bird's Diary (1996), 104.

September 22

Charlie Parker With Strings

Probably: Charlie Parker (as); unidentified oboe; Teddy Blume (vln); 3 unidentified strings; unidentified harp, unidentified (p); unidentified (b); Roy Haynes (d).

Blue Note, Chicago, IL.

September 22–October 5, 1951.

 

K. Vail, Bird's Diary (1996), 104.

October 16

Charlie Parker with Strings

Probably: Charlie Parker (as); unidentified oboe; Teddy Blume (vln); 3 unidentified strings; unidentified harp, unidentified (p); unidentified (b); Roy Haynes (d)

Johnny Brown's, East Liberty, Pittsburgh, PA.

October 16–17, 1951.

 

http://www.birdlives.co.uk/gallery/norman-saks-gallery

Norman Saks Collection: Receipt for 10% collection by Local 471: $24.79? Date of engagement: 2 days October 16 and 17, 1951.  Day of receipt: October 17. 1951.

K. Vail, Bird's Diary (1996), 104.

November 4?

Charlie Parker Quintet

Red Rodney (tp); Charlie Parker (as); Unidentified (ts); Walter Bishop Jr. (p); Teddy Kotick (b): Roy Haynes (d); Unidentified (voc).

Veterans Administration Hospital, Philadelphia, PA.

Private tape recordings by Chan Parker [Richardson] exist.

 

http://www.plosin.com/milesahead/BirdSessions.aspx?s=510600

The presence of a tenor sax may indicate that this session belongs here even if it usually is date June 1951.

November 4

Charlie Parker All Stars

Red Rodney (tp), Charlie Parker (as), Rudy Williams (ts), Teddy Brandon (p), Bonnie Wetzel (b), Roy Haynes (d).

Reynolds Hall, Philadelphia, PA.

 

Handbill in K. Vail (ed.), Charlie Parker & Jazz Club Memorabilia (2007), 10.

November 7

Charlie Parker

Charlie Parker signs an agreement with the Shaw Artists Corporation, which releases him from his contract, having fulfilled engagements in Philadelphia an Cleveland and paid his debt to the agency.

 

http://www.birdlives.co.uk/gallery/norman-saks-gallery

Norman Saks collection: Contract

November 19

Charlie Parker

Unidentified personnel.

Showboat, Philadelphia, PA.

November 19–25, 1951.

 

http://www.birdlives.co.uk/gallery/norman-saks-gallery

Norman Saks collection: Contract

K. Vail, Bird's Diary (1996), 105: Photo of Parker, Jimmy Knepper, and Haynes. This photo is probably from 1950.

November 26

Charlie Parker

Unidentified personnel.

Lindsay's Sky Bar, Cleveland, OH.

November 26–December 9, 1951.

 

Ad in Plain Dealer (Cleveland), November 25, 1951, 115.

Ad in Plain Dealer (Cleveland), December 2, 1951, 129.

Ad in Plain Dealer (Cleveland), December 9, 1951, 53D: Final show tonite.

 

December mid

Charlie Parker

Kansas City, MO.

Probably not true.

 

K. Vail, Bird's Diary (1996) 4, 106: After Cleveland Charlie Parker goes to Kansas City to rest and visit mother. No source. Photo of Parker and Rodney in Kansas City. This photo may be from an earlier (April 1948).

C. Haddix, Bird —The Life and Music of Charlie Parker (2013): Has no mention of such a visit.